I am broadly interested in the economic history of Eastern Europe in the late 19th and 20th centuries. My current research agenda is to explore growth, innovation and development patterns to build a picture of how this understudied region fared in recent history as a result of different political shocks, and possibly to evaluate paths forward.
“Modernization in Progress: Part-Year Operation, Capital Accumulation, and Labor Force Composition in Late Imperial Russia” (with Amanda Gregg) [2022, Journal of Economic History] [Link]
Abstract: This paper investigates part-year factory operation, a common but understudied dimension ofindustrializing economies, in a prototypical late-industrializing setting that offers rich factory-level data: Imperial Russia.Newly compiled data provides detailed descriptions of all Russian manufacturing firms operating in 1894 and shows that factories operating a greater number of annual working days were more mechanized, more urban, more likely to employ women and children, more productive, and more likely to survive. Rather than arguing that part-year operation demonstrated Russia’s uniquely inexorable backwardness, we stress operating time’s relationship to fundamental drivers of growth including urbanization, geography, and institutions.
“Gender discrimination in infancy and childhood during the 1891 Russian Famine” (with Viktor Malein and Francisco J. Beltrán Tapia) [Link]
This article examines the impact of the 1891 Russian famine on the sex-specific mortality of boys and girls. Contrary to the previous literature that stresses the male vulnerability in harsh environments, our results show that the famine disproportionally affected mortality among girls. This result suggests that gender discriminatory practices that prioritised boys compensated the male vulnerability. Likewise, this article shows that the effect significantly varied across different ethnic groups and suggest that gender-discriminatory practices were not only in place among the Orthodox majority, but was especially strong among Muslim communities.
Works In Progress
“Fertility and Child Mortality in Late Imperial Russia”
“Cultural Links and Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Industry in Late Imperial Russia” with Timur Natkhov
"Improvements in Urban Sanitation and Child Mortality Decline: the case of the Russian Empire" with Viktor Malein